Steffi Graf ist die erfolgreichste deutsche Sportlerin aller Zeiten. Über Jahre dominierte sie das Damentennis weltweit. Doch das Jahr war. Tennisrekorde, Statistiken, Weltranglisten, Grand Slam, Golden Slam und mehr. Tennisprofi gewann Graf, damals erst 19 Jahre alt, alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere und Olympia-Gold in einem Jahr - den „Golden Slam“.
Grand Slam (Tennis)Tennisprofi gewann Graf, damals erst 19 Jahre alt, alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere und Olympia-Gold in einem Jahr - den „Golden Slam“. Vor 30 Jahren gelang Steffi Graf etwas, was in der Tenniswelt einzigartig ist: Der Golden Slam – der Gewinn aller vier Grand Slam Titel in. Der letzte männliche Grand-Slam-Sieger, Rod Laver, gewann auf nur zwei unterschiedlichen Bodenbelägen. Außer beim traditionellen Turnier in Paris, das auf.
Golden Slam Gewinner Navigation menu VideoSteffi Graf's 22 Grand Slam Championship Points
Beginning in , when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.
The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge , who completed the feat in To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles.
Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines — once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.
The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage.
Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council , "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",  and "European tennis journalists"  had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen.
In a letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:. There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.
Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in , Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [ But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game.
Such confusion continued for years. However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later.
For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the Australian Open , one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'.
Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'. When Martina Navratilova won the French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement.
Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam. Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat of being the reigning champion in all four majors expands to Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since , with Navratilova taking six in a row in — On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon and the French Open.
Prior to the Open Era , Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in , but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the US Championships , giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments.
The Bryan brothers Bob and Mike were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles. Several players and teams came up one title short.
Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde , known collectively as The Woodies , reached the final of the French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek.
In singles, Pete Sampras lost the French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier , having won the previous three majors. Roger Federer in and , and Novak Djokovic in repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal.
In Novak Djokovic repeated this one more time, but lost in semifinal to Dominic Thiem. Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer , who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the Australian Open , which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles.
In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf , having won the previous three majors.
Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the , but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal. The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.
The career achievement of all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format. Dozens of players have accomplished that column two and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format column three.
Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table column three.
Their achievements are tabulated below. Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play rows one and two ; among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles column three.
Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.
The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam.
Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam. The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.
Eight men have won all four major tournaments. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in and then to hard court in The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in The last four players Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.
Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets.
At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.
At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen.
Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam. Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the U.
Championships and extending to the Wimbledon Championships not counting her defaults in the French and Wimbledon Championships. During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.
She also won the Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships. Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the French Championships and extending to the U.
During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U. In Margaret Court won a record nine titles out of twelve available to a player in the same year: the singles, doubles and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam tournaments.
In Martina Navratilova reached Finals in all Grand Slam events held that year, equaling the record of eleven final appearances set by Court in and repeated a year later.
Only twelve unique players - nine women and three men - have won at least six major championships in one calendar year.
Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural Summer Olympics to the Games , then was dropped for the next 64 years except as a demonstration sport in and before returning in As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before , none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between and had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam.
However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the Olympics or Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from onwards.
Only one player has completed the Golden Slam:  . Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam".
After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam". A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal or a Paralympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam.
The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold. Soon after the Open Era began in , the new professional tours each held a year-end championship YEC , which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season.
Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Championships final against Fred Perry , then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.
Note 1: From to , the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until , Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.
The Triple Crown refers to winning the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles titles at one event, in the same week. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.
Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles — which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year.
This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years. The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title singles, doubles, mixed over the course of an entire career.
No male player has completed this, although Frank Sedgman only missed out on the French Open singles title, having reached the final in So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:.
Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era , and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:.
Martina Hingis was the most recent player to be one title away from joining this elite group. She only needed the French Open singles, having reached the final in and She only needed the Australian Open women's doubles title, having reached the final in and Of the many players who have managed to win a full set of four majors, there is a small number who have gone on to win all four majors a second or more times.
MSS players can be found in each of the five tennis disciplines: men's or women's singles, men's or women's doubles, mixed doubles. It can also be found in women's wheelchair doubles.
Before the Open Era began in , only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four majors. Many male top players "went pro" in order to win prize money legally, competing on a professional world tour comprising completely different events.
Three other players won those three major trophies during their pro careers: Ellsworth Vines , Hans Nüsslein and Don Budge.
The pro slams did not have a women's draw. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Golden Slam. Australian Open. French Open.
US Open. To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.
Tennis portal. Bisher gelang ein solcher Erfolg nur Steffi Graf im Jahr Zwischen und gehörte Tennis nicht zum Programm der Olympischen Spiele, so dass vor Graf ein Golden Slam theoretisch nur viermal möglich gewesen wäre , , , Olympischen Sommerspiele einen Karriere-Golden-Slam.
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